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Anus Diseases

Anal Fissure Symptoms, Causes, Cure and Home Remedy

Alternative Names of Anal Fissure:

Anal Tear, Fissure in Ano, Anorectal Fissure and  Anal Ulcer.

Group of people in Anal Fissure or Anal Ulcer

Infant, toddlers, Baby boy, Baby girl, Teen Boy, Teen Girl, Man, Women, Old Man and Old Women.

An  Anal Fissure Cycle for example,

Anal fissure Pain -> bleeding and screaming -> Deliberate hanging on -> Hard feces ->Eventual defecation -> Re-tear of the old fissure -> Anal fissure / Anal Ulcer

What is Anal Fissure Disease?

An anal fissure is a little cut or tears in the coating of the butt that can be strongly agonizing The crack in the skin causes severe pain and some bright red bleeding during and after bowel movements.

Anal fissures are a common problem. An anal fissure for the most part is certifiably not a serious condition. It can cause pain, bleeding and/or itching.

You also may encounter fits in the ring of muscle toward the finish of your butt (sphincter). Anal fissures might be seen by splendid red anal seeping on bathroom tissue and underpants, or here and there in the latrine. On the off chance that intense they are difficult after poo.

Anal fissures develop with equivalent recurrence in both genders; they will in general happen in more youthful and moderately aged people.

An anal fissure can occur at any age.  A one-time anal fissure is a common childhood condition. Anal fissures may also occur in children of any age but are most common in toddlers.

The child may scream when defecating and have bright red blood in their feces. An anal fissure is a small ulcer or tear in your skin around the opening of your anus.

Causes of Anal Fissure Disease

Anal fissure most usually happens because of clogging, when an especially hard or enormous crap tears the coating of the anal canal. Anal fissures are most ordinarily brought about by harm to the covering of the rear-end or anal canal the last piece of the digestive organ.

It can also be triggered by repeated diarrhea, causing irritation in the anal lining, passing stool frequently while suffering from diarrhea can also irritate the tissue and result in a fissure.

The most common cause is passing a hard stool (poo) which can tear the delicate skin just inside the anus, leaving a small cut.

Normal causes of an anal fissure include:

  • Persistent / Chronic diarrhea
  • loose bowels Constipation and stressing during movements
  • Trauma, for example from anal intercourse or other inclusion of remote (Trauma to the inner lining of the anus)
  • Unusually tight anal sphincter muscles
  • Anal intercourse (A sexually transmitted infection, such as anal herpes, which causes the tissues to become soft and fragile)
  • Childbirth or Straining during childbirth.
  • pregnancy (multiple pregnancies and childbirth can cause anal fissures due to the straining and pushing of childbirth;)
  • anal injury
  • Cancer of the rectum.
  • Passing large or hard stools or passing a dry stools
  • Inflammation of the anorectal area,
  • decreased blood flow to the anorectal area
  • chronic constipation
  • rough or excessive wiping of the butt subsequent to passing a movement
  • Reduced blood flow to the rectal area.
  • Extra tight anal sphincter muscles.
  • Straining while passing stool.
  • inflammation of the anus and rectum
  • overly tight or spastic anal sphincter muscles
  • scratching (as a reaction to pinworm infection)

Less common causes of anal fissures include:

  • Inflammatory bowel disease like Crohn’s disease
  • Anal cancer
  • HIV
  • Tuberculosis
  • Syphilis and Herpes (occasionally, a sexually transmitted infection (STI), such as syphilis or herpes, which can infect and damage the anal canal)

However, In many cases, no clear cause can be identified

Risk Factors of Anal Fissure Disease

Certain factors raise the risk for anal fissures, including:

  • Inflammatory bowel disease, (Crohn’s disease. This inflammatory bowel disease causes chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract, which may make the lining of the anal canal more vulnerable to tearing.)
  • Constipation (Straining during bowel movements and passing hard stools increase the risk of tearing.)
  • Multiple pregnancies;
  • Having anal sex (anoreceptive intercourse)
  • Childbirth (Anal fissures are more common in women after they give birth.)
  • Straining to pass a bowel movement
  • Prior to anal surgery, which can cause scarring and decrease the tissue’s elasticity
  • Aging (Older adults may develop an anal fissure partly due to slowed circulation, resulting in decreased blood flow to the rectal area)
  • Chronic diarrhea or Intense diarrhea
  • Recent weight loss surgery, because it leads to frequent diarrhea
  • Minor trauma, especially trauma caused by high-level mountain biking
  • You suffer from IBD.

Sign and Symptoms of Anal Fissure Disease

The symptoms of an anal fissure are relatively specific. The most widely recognized symptom of an anal fissure is a shooting pain in the rear-end and surrounding area. Anal fissures often cause painful bowel movements and bleeding. You may also see blood on the toilet paper after wiping. Anal fissures may also cause itching in the anal area.

Signs and symptoms of an anal fissure include:

  • burning or itching in the anal area
  • Bright red blood on from the anus or toilet paper after a bowel movement
  • a sharp pain when you poo, often followed by a deep burning pain that may last several hours
  • Pain, sometimes severe, during bowel movements
  • A small crack or tear in the skin around the anus and feeling of cramp around the anus
  • bleeding when you poo – most people notice a small amount of bright red blood either in their poo or on the toilet paper
  • A malodorous discharge from the anal opening (usually for severe cases) that may indicate possible infection
  • A small lump or skin tag on the skin near the anal fissure (more common when chronic)
  • A small lump or skin tag on the skin near the anal fissure
  • anal pain
  • Visible cut or tear in the skin around the anus.
  • Frequent urination or inability to urinate
  • A malodorous discharge from the anal opening (usually for severe cases) that may indicate possible infection

Do and Don’ts

  • do some regular exercise as this will help regular bowel movement
  • Try to avoid sitting for long periods of time and exercise as often as you can, as this will increase blood circulation to your anal region and aid healing.
  • Apply petroleum jelly to the anus.
  • Must Take regular sitz (salt bath) baths.
  • Increase your fiber and fluid. Drink at least 15 cups (2 liters) of fluid a day. If the stool is small and hard this will help to bulk up and soften it
  • Hydrocortisone cream helps to relieve irritation.
  • A numbing ointment helps to relieve pain.
  • Get enough exercise. Eat a well-balanced, high-fiber diet rich in fruits and vegetables. Drink enough liquids.
  • Discuss your medication with your Expert.
  • Use baby wipes instead of toilet paper.
  • not ignoring the urge to poo – this can cause your poo to dry out and become harder to pass
  • Drink six to eight glasses of water every day.
  • Call your health care provider if you have severe or lasting rectal bleeding.

Don’ts

  • Do not strain to pass a stool as this will damage the lining of the anus. Avoid sitting on the toilet for too long and limit the time to five minutes. Avoid putting off going to the toilet as this will make you more constipated
  • avoiding dehydration by drinking plenty of water
  • Similarly,  Do not use any suppositories, enemas, or laxatives without your doctor’s advice.
  • Not take Bed rest. Bed rest does not help this condition
  • Avoid straining during bowel movements. Stressing makes weight, which can open a mending tear or cause another tear.
  • DON’T stop taking your stool softener because you feel better unless your health care provider tells you to.
  • Do not use any medicines (including herbal products) without first asking your health care provider.
  • Please do not ignore symptoms. Call your health care provider if your symptoms don’t improve or they worsen during treatment or if you see new symptoms.

Home remedies for Anal Fissure Disease

High-Fiber Foods

It Increasing your daily intake of Fibre by including plenty of high-fibre foods in your diet, such as fruit, vegetables, and wholegrain.

Eating around 25 to 30 grams of fiber daily can help keep stools delicate and improve fissure mending. Eating plenty of fiber, such as is found in fruit, vegetables, cereals, wholemeal bread

Fiber-rich foods include fruits, vegetables, nuts, and whole grains. You also can take a fiber supplement. Adding fiber may cause gas and bloat, so increase your intake gradually.

The doctor will likely recommend taking a fiber supplement, like Metamucil, which will soften the stool, making it easier to expel.

the normal substance of dietary fiber per serving of every one of the nutritional categories is as recorded:

  • Need Fruits – 1 to 2 grams
  • Nuts – 6 to 8 grams
  • Legumes, or beans – 4 to 5 grams
  • Vegetables – 2 to 3 grams
  • Refined grains – 2 to 3 grams

Sitz bath or hip shower, which includes sitting in plain, non-lathery water after crap to keep the zone clean. A sitz shower, which is a warm-water shower, directly after you have a solid discharge, rinses the anal opening and loosens up the inside anal sphincter, which keeps the tissue from tearing more. This likewise helps keep the territory perfect and dry, helping the fissure mend.

During Sitz showers, the rectal region is inundated in warm water for around 10 to 15 minutes a few times every day. Sitz showers work by improving blood stream and loosening up the interior anal sphincter.

Sitz showers ought to be completed 3 times each day and after any defecation. This includes sitting in warm sudsy water to clean the territory. Hand-held shower spouts are exceptionally viable for this. Showering after each solid discharge is additionally powerful.

In conclusion, Sitz baths for anal fissure may be recommended as they are thought to soothe and relax the anus muscles, relieving some of the painful internal sphincter muscle spasms. This involves sitting in plain, non-soapy water after defecation.

Hot baths

Take a bath three times a day and usually, the fissure will heal within 4 weeks.

Hot Baths Washing up, with the water up as high as your tub permits, and loosening up the anal muscles will enable blood to stream into the area.

So, while you are in the tub, contract the muscle you use to stop having a bowel movement or to urinate. Then concentrate on relaxing that muscle. Do this like clockwork while you are in the tub.

In Addition, Washing the area carefully with water after using the toilet, to avoid irritation and infection. Soap should be avoided as this may cause irritation, and the area should be gently dried.

Absorbing your last a hot shower a few times each day, especially after a solid discharge, to loosen up the muscles in your rear-end.

Not deferring heading off to the latrine when you feel the inclination. Sitting on a warm heating pad or warm water bottle is thought to promote healing as heat increases blood flow to the area

Drinking plenty of liquids to softens stools. In addition, It is best to avoid alcoholic drinks as they can cause dehydration. Adults should aim to drink two liters or more each day. Application of petroleum jelly or zinc oxide ointment can reduce itching and discomfort.

Tips for Preventing Anal Fissures

An anal fissure can’t always be prevented, but you can reduce your risk of getting one by taking the following preventive measures:

  • Keeping the butt-area dry and cleansing the butt area tenderly with mellow cleanser and warm water.
  • treating diarrhea immediately
  • Make sure to wipe gently after going to the toilet.
  • You can prevent anal fissures by eating high-fibre foods, exercising regularly and drinking lots of water. Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day. Following a healthy diet containing high-fibre foods, such as fruits, vegetables, cereals, and wholegrain products. These are all good things to do to help digestion and bowel health, which will help prevent constipation. It’s also important to wipe your bottom gently after going to the toilet.-
  • Do Exercise regularly
  • Drinking more water throughout the day to help keep your stools soft and keep your digestive system moving.
  • Avoid straining during bowel movements
  • Careful anal hygiene after defecation, including using soft toilet paper and cleaning with water, plus the use of sanitary wipes.
  • changing infants’ diapers frequently

Creams

Several types of creams can help You, including:

  • Anesthetic cream, Hydro cortisone creams, Zinc oxide cream or petroleum jelly, Glyceryl trinitrate (GTN).

Other information

There are no reliable estimates of the frequency of anal fissures in the general population. However, Fissures can recur easily, and it is quite common for a fully healed fissure to recur after a hard bowel movement or other trauma.

On the off chance that the fissure is long-standing, a skin tag at the site of the fissure can create. Anal fissures are not associated with cancer, but you should always talk to your doctor if you have bleeding with a bowel movement.

Fissures are sometimes confused with hemorrhoids. Anal fissure surgery is required at times when traditionalist treatment comes up short.

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