Tongue Diseases

Burning Tongue Syndrome Causes, Risk Factors, Symptoms and Home Remedies Treatment

What is Burning Tongue Syndrome Disease?

A tongue burn is a common ailment. A burning tongue syndrome (BTS) is a condition that causes a sensation of burning in the tongue.

Burning tongue Syndrome is the name for burning pain in your mouth that has no known cause. This condition can become a chronic, everyday problem, or it may occur periodically.

A gentle burn on your tongue can be an aggravation, yet it will eventually heal. This discomfort may influence the tongue, gums, lips, within your cheeks, top of your mouth (sense of taste/palate) or across the your entire mouth.

Burning tongue is a condition where the tongue and top of the mouth feel like they are burning.

It is more typical in women than men. Burning mouth syndrome is found in 18 to 33 percent of postmenopausal women. Females are up to multiple times bound to have BMS than males.  BMS is normal in older women, especially menopausal women..

Affected Group of people

Man, Women, Old Man, Old Women

Burning Tongue Syndrome Causes

The changes in hormones may cause some cases of Burning Tongue Syndrome. Other possibilities include:

  • Allergies or reactions to foods, food flavorings, other food additives, fragrances, dyes or other substances.
  • Thrush (a contagious disease in your mouth, also called ‘candida’).
  • Dry mouth (xerostomia)
  • Damage to the nerves that control taste or pain
  • Nerve disturbance or damage (neuropathy)
  • Reflux of stomach acid (gastro esophageal reflux disease)
  • Stress
  • Excessive irritation
  • Problem with your immune system
  • Irritating dentures
  • Nutritional deficiencies (when your body does not make or store enough iron, vitamin B12 or folic acid).
  • Thyroid problems
  • diabetes, hypothyroidism, and other endocrine disorders
  • Certain medications
  • Hormonal imbalances, such as those associated with menopause
  • Heartburn (when corrosive from your stomach comes up into your mouth).
  • Oral habits
  • Endocrine disorders
  • Psychological factors
  • Other oral conditions

Burning Tongue Syndrome Risk Factors

Burning mouth syndrome for the most part starts unexpectedly, with no known triggering factor.

However, certain variables may expand your risk of creating burning mouth syndrome, including:

  • experiencing recent illness
  • Some chronic medical disorders like autoimmune disorders, fibromyalgia, Parkinson’s disease and neuropathy
  • Previous dental procedures
  • having food allergies
  • having specific medical conditions
  • Traumatic life events
  • Stress
  • being stressed or anxious
  • Depression
  • wearing dentures or undergoing dental work

Burning mouth syndrome is uncommon. However, your risk may be greater if:

  • You’re postmenopausal
  • If You’re over the age of 50
  • You’re a woman

Burning Tongue Syndrome Sign and Symptoms

Common BTS symptoms includes:

  • Loss of taste
  • Trouble swallowing,
  • A dry mouth,
  • Tingling, stinging or numbness in your mouth
  • Be mild, moderate, or severe
  • A sore throat, or
  • Improve when eating or drinking
  • A terrible taste of metal in your mouth
  • Taste changes in your mouth, such as a bitter or metallic taste 

What to do in Burning Tongue Syndrome?

  • Drink a lot of liquids to help facilitate the sentiment of dry mouth
  • Suck on crushed ice.
  • Practice relaxation exercises, such as yoga.
  • It is advisable to use flavor-free toothpaste, such as one for sensitive teeth or one without mint or cinnamon.
  • Remain socially dynamic or join a pain support group.
  • Take steps to reduce stress.

What not to do in Burning Tongue Syndrome?

You must avoid irritating substances, such as…

  • Keep away from spicy-hot foods.
  • Avoid Tobacco products
  • Stay away from alcohol and products with alcohol, as they may irritate the lining of your Tongue. Some Mouthwashes that contain alcohol
  • Avoid acidic foods and liquids, such as tomatoes, orange juice, carbonated beverages and coffee.
  • Keep away from Alcoholic beverages
  • Not consume Products high in acid, such as citrus fruits and juices
  • Stopping oral habits, such as biting the tip of the tongue, may also help.
  • Avoid products with cinnamon or mint.

Home Remedies for Burning Tongue Syndrome

Everyone at some point has burned their tongue with a surprisingly hot forkful of food, yet this is common occurrence.

If you have burned your tongue severely, you have to contact your primary care doctor immediately. Here we provide some proven home remedies, which surely help you.

Have Something Cold

Contacting your tongue with something cold will provide instant relief, lessen irritation, and keep tissue from being harmed. Furthermore, it will keep your mouth hydrated and clammy, helping to prevent bacteria from causing an infection.

Follow these instructions:

  • Consider sucking on an ice block or ice pop, eating some ice-cream, drinking cold squeeze, or tasting cold water.
  • Attempt to hold any of these things in your mouth as long as you can before swallowing.
  • Continue until the pain disappears.

Swish Warm Water around Your Mouth

Saltwater is your best bet, since the salt will help stave off an infection. Salt is a natural antiseptic that can reduce swelling and pain, ultimately relieving your burn symptoms.

Follow these instructions:

  • Mix ½ tsp.
  • Salt in a glass of warm water.
  • Swish the solution around your mouth for 30 seconds and let it out.
  • Repeat throughout the day, until your burn has healed.


Honey is another delicious burn cure, used in countries like India for its antibacterial properties to speed the healing process against ulcers.

Follow these instructions:

  • Spread 1 tsp.
  • Manuka honey upon your tongue.
  • Let it sit there for as long as you can before swallowing.
  • Repeat this couple of times throughout the day.

Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera can soothe harmed tongue cells, decrease pain and inflammation, and help with the healing procedure. It can effectively be used to treat both first and second-degree tongue burns.

Follow these instructions:

  • Extract some Aloe Vera gel from a leaf.
  • Apply it to your tongue.
  • Repeat throughout the day.
  • Otherwise, freeze the gel into ice cubes to be sucked on during the day.


Yogurt is a natural cure adept for providing instant relief to your tongue burns, removing the warmth.

Follow these instructions:

  • From ½ cup of cold, plain yogurt, bring a little into your mouth, holding it there for a couple of seconds before swallowing.
  • Repeat until you have finished.
  • Do the same a few times throughout the day.


Sugar can calm and provide comfort for your tongue burn. Shower some sugar over your tongue, let it dissolve and feel it work. This cure will likewise help your impaired feeling of taste.

Follow these instructions:

  • Put 1 tsp.
  • Sugar on your tongue, hold it against the top of your mouth until the sugar liquefies.
  • Repeat until your pain subsides.


Mint contains menthol, which numbs the zone of your burn and reduces inflammation.

Follow these instructions:

  • Utilize mint toothpaste and apply it to your burn.
  • Stick out your tongue until the glue dries.
  • Once dry wash it with cold water.
  • Repeat two or three times a day.
  • On the other hand, taste chilled off mint tea, or bite mint gum.

Vegetable Glycerin

Vegetable glycerin soothes kindled tissue and hydrates your tongue, which is expected to speed up the healing procedure.

Follow these instructions:

  • Spot some vegetable glycerin onto your tongue, letting it stay for whatever length of time that you can suffer it.
  • Let it out and flush your mouth with cool water.
  • Repeat several times during the day.
  • Alternatively, use glycerin-based mouthwash a few times a day.

Vitamin E Oil

Vitamin E oil offers moment help and assists the tongue tissue’s recovery.

Follow these instructions:

  • Open a vitamin E capsule, purging the oil onto your tongue.
  • With your fingers, spread it equally onto your burn.
  • Repeat throughout the day.

Sip and Soothe

Drink a glass to cut down the temperature of your burning tongue and to keep your mouth hydrated (salivation stream is vital to guarantee bacteria don’t further harm the area).

Take a Chill Pill

When all of the above suggestions fail to provide you the relief you need, there’s always your standard over-the-counter pain medication.

If still your burn does not improve, immediately consult your doctor.

Other Extra Tips for Burning Tongue Syndrome

  • Stay away from hot fluids that may bother your burn.
  • Steer clear of acidic foods like tomatoes and citrus fruits.
  • Avoid crunchy foods such as potato chips and nuts.
  • Steer clear of spicy foods: they could irritate your burn.
  • Drink cool water to keep your mouth and tongue saturated.
  • Chew gum or suck hard candy to stimulate salivation creation.
  • Avoid liquor which can irritate your mouth’s covering.
  • Maintain good oral hygiene.
  • Before eating, test the temperature of hot foods and liquid.

How Diagnose Burning Tongue Syndrome?

Burning Tongue Syndrome is hard to diagnose. Your doctor will review your medical history, look over your mouth and request that you describe your indications, your oral habits and your oral consideration schedule.

As part of the diagnostic process, a lot of tests may be needed. Tests may include:

  • Complete blood cell count (CBC). This common blood test provides a count of each type of blood cell in a given volume of your blood.
  • Allergy tests (you may need to have allergy testing done by a specialist dermatologist.)
  • Oral swab culture or biopsy
  • Blood tests to check for certain medical problems (You may also need blood tests to see if you have, for example, thyroid problems or diabetes.)
  • Salivary flow test
  • Biopsy of tissue
  • Imaging tests


Does your tongue feel like it has quite recently been singed by hot coffee?  You may have what is known as burning tongue syndrome.

Medications for BTS can vary depending on the causes. However Treatment triggers improvement in side effects for the majority with burning mouth syndrome. But the type of treatment depends on the underlying cause.

Treatment options may include:

  • Saliva replacement products
  • Specific oral rinses or lidocaine
  • Capsaicin, a pain reliever that originates from chili peppers
  • An anticonvulsant medication called clonazepam (Klonopin)
  • Certain antidepressants
  • Medications that block nerve pain
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy to develop strategies to address nervousness and depression and cope with chronic pain


However There’s no realized method to prevent burning mouth syndrome. But by staying away from tobacco, acidic foods, spicy foods and carbonated beverages, and excessive stress, you may be able to decrease the discomfort from burning mouth syndrome or prevent your discomfort from feeling worse.

 Other information

Burning mouth syndrome can be painful and frustrating. It can increase with talking, eating hot or spicy foods, and in the midst of stress. The good news is that it’s a treatable condition.

Living with ongoing physical symptoms is a challenge. Those people who appear to do best develop ways of trying to make sure they continue to do things they enjoy as much as possible.

If you have ever scalded your tongue, you have gotten a small taste of what it’s like to have this painful and frustrating disorder. BTS is defined as burning pain in the tongue with no apparent physical cause.

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