Breast Diseases

Mastitis Signs & Symptoms, Causes, Treatment or Home Remedies

Alternative Names:

Breast Infection

Group of people


Disease info

Mastitis is a contamination in the tissue of either of the mammary organs inside the bosoms. It usually affects women who are producing milk and breast-feeding. Mastitis generally begins as a difficult region in one bosom. A broke areola can enable microscopic organisms to enter the bosom and cause a disease.

A stopped up milk channel, not completely emptying milk out of the bosom, or breaks in the skin of the areola can prompt contamination. Cyclic breast pain occurs in response to changes in hormone levels of women.Mastitis can feel like you have the flu; you may feel hot and have body aches and pains. It most commonly affects women who are breastfeeding. Mastitis usually only affects one breast, In very rare cases, mastitis can affect males.

Mastitis Causes

It occurs when bacteria enters the breast tissue. It can happen when microbes, frequently from the infant’s mouth, enter a milk conduit through a break in the nipple. Sore and cracked nipples, poor nutrition, fatigue and restricted milk flow may all cause mastitis at any time. Milk stasis can likewise create in situations where ladies support one breast for feeding in light of the fact that the other nipple is sore or harmed. Milk that is caught in the breast is the primary driver of mastitis. Other causes describe below.

  • Caused by milk stasis.
  • Previous bouts of mastitis.
  • A blocked milk duct.
  • Baby not properly attaching to the breast during feeding
  • A weakened immune system.
  • Pressure on your breast
  • A crack or blister on the nipple.
  • A baby having problems sucking
  • Incorrect breastfeeding technique.
  • Infrequent or missed feeds
  • Constraining your breasts.
  • A knock or blow to the breast
  • Bacteria entering your breast.
  • Clogged milk ducts that aren’t cleared in time.
  • Favoring one breast for breastfeeding
  • Bacteria creep into the milk duct.

Risk Factors

The following may increase your risk of developing mastitis

  • Breastfeeding
  • Have sore or cracked nipples.
  • Using only one position to feed
  • previous episodes of mastitis
  • Wear a tight-fitting bra or put pressure on your breasts, which can restrict milk flow.
  • Mastitis not related to breastfeeding may be seen in women with diabetes mellitus
  • extreme tiredness or fatigue


Mastitis usually happens in nursing mothers when bacteria enter the breast through a cracked or sore nipple. While mastitis is regularly connected with new mothers, uncommon kinds of mastitis can influence all ladies, and side effects can differ. See your doctor if you suspect the following:

Granulomatous Mastitis.

This mastitis (GM) is a rare benign inflammatory breast disease that affects mostly women of childbearing age with a history of breastfeeding.

Granulomatous mastitis in the dairy animals happens when medications for the treatment or counteractive action of mastitis are presented through the nipple and are sullied with Nocardia asteroides, Cryptococcus neoformans, atypical Mycobacterium.

It normally introduces as a broadening breast mass that can significantly copy breast malignant growth. Granulomatous mastitis is a favorable fiery breast sickness of obscure source that normally influences young ladies of childbearing age. Granulomatous mastitis presents with torment, a breast mass and tissue contortion

Periductal Mastitis

This mastitis is beginning to be considered a unique sub-class of duct ectasia. Periductal mastitis is a prolonged inflammatory disease, but the cause of Periductal mastitis is poorly understood.

It ordinarily happens with a more youthful age bunch than mammary conduit ectasia, yet the primary contrast between periductal mastitis and pipe ectasia is that the mass creates ‘around’ the areola, instead of ‘behind’. This mastitis is a condition where lactiferous ducts in the breast are distended and filled with amorphous eosinophilic material and foam cells, with concomitant presence of severe periductal chronic inflammation.

Acute or Chronic Mastitis

Acute mastitis is usually a bacterial infection and is seen most commonly in the postpartum period. Antibiotics don’t always work for this type of breast infection. Another type of mastitis related with non-breastfeeding ladies, interminable mastitis can happen in postmenopausal ladies and is activated by hormonal changes. The symptoms are similar to the mastitis experienced during breastfeeding: pain, redness and swelling.

Sign and Symptoms

Women who have mastitis often feel generally ill. Signs or symptoms may develop rapidly. They can include:

  • Breast pain.
  • Breast engorgement
  • Area of the breast becoming red and swollen
  • the affected area feeling hot when touched, swollen breasts
  • a burning sensation in the breast that may always be there or only when breast-feeding
  • Fever, Chills, Nausea or vomiting or malaise
  • Thickening of breast tissue, or a breast lump
  • A red, painful, or hot “wedge-shaped” swelling on a breast, or both breasts
  • the affected area of the breast hurting when touched
  • Red, painful, or hot lump in your breast
  • A breast that is warm or hot to the touch.
  • Discharge from the nipple.

Home Remedies or Natural Treatments

Magnesium /Calcium Supplement

For women who have this problem, calcium/magnesium supplements may be helpful. Some women experience a drop in milk supply from ovulation until the first day or two of the next menstrual period. A lady blood calcium levels gradually decrease during this period of time, and for some lady the drop in blood calcium causes a drop in milk supply.

Moist heat

Before nursing, improve circulation to the breast area by using warm wet compresses or soaking in a warm bath or shower.


Garlic is a great natural antibiotic. Chop up one clove into sizes you can easily swallow and chase it with orange juice.

Vinegar rinse

Mix 1 table spoon white vinegar with about a cup of water. Lean over the cup and absorb nipple it for a moment or somewhere in the vicinity, at that point remain over the sink and pour it gradually over the nipple. This can bring immediate relief. If you have itchy nipples, keep in mind that you might have thrush.

Apply Cabbage Leaves

Wash green cabbage leaves thoroughly and remove or crush their veins. Wrap them around your breast with the nipple uncovered for a couple of hours or till the leaves wilt. Continue this till the swelling subsides. Some women also recommend using cold cabbage leaves for easing pain, so let the leaves chill in the refrigerator for a bit before you use them.


Massaging the painful area, gently working toward your nipple. Remember, you want to free that backed up milk.

Apply Cold Compress or A Warm

Applying a warm or cold compress can ease the pain and reduce swelling. An ice pack will also help relieve pain. But take care not to apply ice directly to your skin as it can cause an ice burn. Use a washcloth instead or place the ice on your bra or clothing. To prepare a warm compress, soak a clean washcloth in warm water, wring out the excess moisture, and apply it.

Apply Neem Leaf Juice

Neem leaves have anti-inflammatory properties and act against certain bacteria that can cause mastitis. Experts recommend grinding the leaves with a little water and applying the juice to help treat this condition. You can use antibacterial neem ointments too. Since neem is a stronger remedy, pass up on this if you are breastfeeding.

Lots of Water

Drinking water is extremely important when fighting mastitis. I kept a quart of water near me at all times and sipped constantly to keep my milk supply up and help my body fight the infection.

Use Aloe Vera Gel

Natural remedy that has potent antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties is aloe Vera. Crack opens an aloe Vera leaf and scoop out the gel inside. Apply it to your inflamed breast to experience its healing effects.

Fermented Cod Liver Oil

Took 1 teaspoon of the cinnamon fermented cod liver oil gel twice a day during the infection.

Marshmallow Root Bath

Add 2 tablespoons of powdered marshmallow root to a quart of boiling water and allow the solution to steep and cool overnight. Add this answer for a bowl of warm water, drench your bosom in it and back rub delicately.

Vitamin C

Took 4 capsules every four hours until the infection was gone.

 Apply A Calendula Ointment

Calendula has a long history of use as an anti-inflammatory agent. Calendula has antibacterial and healing properties too. Apply an ointment with this beneficial ingredient to help relieve mastitis.

Prevention or Do and Don’ts

Although mastitis can usually be treated easily, the condition can recur if the underlying cause isn’t addressed. Mastitis is a common but preventable breastfeeding problem. Good habits to prevent mastitis includes:

  • Apply a warm compress on the affected breast for up to three minutes just before and during each feeding
  • Empty breasts completely to prevent engorgement and blocked ducts
  • Breast feed equally from both breasts & Breastfeed regularly
  • Gently massage your breast from the swollen area toward the nipple
  • Plan to stay home in bed and rest as much as possible
  • Practice careful hygiene: Hand washing, cleaning the nipples, keeping your baby clean
  • Wear loose bras or go bra-less
  • Use a cold compress or cold pack on your breast
  • Most Importantly Wear loose bras or go bra-less
  • Mastermind a period and spot to siphon or express your bosom milk.
  • Align your baby straight for breastfeeding
  • Stay in a hot shower and let it run across the affected breast
  • Enable sore or broke nipples to air dry. Air-dry your nipples after each breastfeeding session, to avert bothering and breaking
  • Eat heal Enable sore or broke nipples to air dry. Air-dry your nipples after each breastfeeding session, to turn away troubling and breaking.hy sustenance and drink a lot of liquids, at whatever point you are parched
  • Having something to drink while you are breastfeeding encourages you get enough liquids
  • Get plenty of rest, Ensure your child locks on appropriately during feedings.
  • Make sure that your bra fits well and isn’t tight and restrictive
  • Avoid nipple creams, ointments and prolonged use of nipple pads
  • Check every day in the shower for any lumps developing behind the nipples
  •  Most Importantly Tell your doctor, if you have nipple pain during nursing
Ear Diseases

Tinnitus Signs and Symptoms, Causes and Home Remedies

Tinnitus / Ringing in Ears

A person with tinnitus often hears “ringing in the ears,” but they may also hear hissing, clicking, or whistling sounds. It tends to be brief, or it very well may be ceaseless and industrious. Tinnitus can make individuals experience issues thinking and resting. It might in the long run meddle with work and individual connections, bringing about mental misery.

Tinnitus can be caused by broken or damaged hairs on auditory cells, turbulence in a carotid artery or jugular vein, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) issues, and problems in the auditory processing pathways of the brain. Tinnitus is frequently connected with hearing misfortune, it doesn’t cause the misfortune, nor completes a consultation misfortune cause tinnitus.

Signs and symptoms

Tinnitus is a non-auditory, internal noticeable sound that can be intermittent or continuous, in one or both ears, and either low- or high-pitched.

The noise is accompanied by pain or drainage from the ear; these may be signs of an ear infection.

The volume of the sound can fluctuate. It is often most noticeable at during periods of quiet or night. There may be some hearing loss.

The changing sounds have been depicted as whistling, peeping, clicking, shrieking, murmuring, static, thundering, humming, beating, whooshing, or melodic.

  • Ringing
  • Clicking
  • Hissing
  • Buzzing
  • Roaring
  • Humming
  • Causes

A common cause of tinnitus people to have difficulty concentrating and sleeping, damage and loss of the tiny sensory hair cells in the cochlea of the inner ear.

This disease may be the brain’s way of filling in the missing sound frequencies it no longer receives from its own auditory system.

Causes of tinnitus include 

  • Age-related hearing loss.
  • Earwax blockage
  • Ear bone changes
  • Exposure to loud noises

Other Causes of Ringing in Ears

  • Ear infections
  • Stiffening of the middle ear bones
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • head and neck injuries
  • Most tinnitus is due to damage to the cochlea, or inner ear.

Living with Tinnitus / Ringing in Ears

  • Try these relaxation methods:
  • Progressive muscle relaxation
  • Yoga
  • Meditation
  • Lower stress
  • Improve your sleep
  • Fight depression
  • Guided imagery
  • Self-hypnosis

Tinnitus Risk Factors

Some common factors may increase your risk

Prolonged exposure to loud noise can damage the tiny sensory hair cells in your ear that transmit sound to your brain. noise exposure from work, headphones, concerts, explosives, and so on

Smokers have a higher risk of developing tinnitus.

Tinnitus can significantly affect quality of life like Sleep problems, Fatigue Stress, Trouble concentrating, Memory problems, Depression and irritability

Home Remedies

How to stop ringing in ears?

To prevent hearing damage from developing or worsening use hearing protection, such as ear mufflers and earplugs, in noisy environments & play personal listening devices at a moderate volume.

However, Here are some other treatment a person can do to control tinnitus and its effects

Glycerin And Salt

Need 1 teaspoon of glycerin, 1 teaspoon of salt, 1 pint of water

You Have To Do Add the glycerin and salt to water and mix well, Store this solution in a spray bottle, Spray your nostrils with this solution daily.

Must do this at least thrice daily.

The saline nature of this solution helps in decongesting the blocked nasal passage and this, in turn, can help in relieving the sensation of ringing ears caused by extra fluid in the sinuses


Fresh pineapples, 1 glass of water

You Have To Do Take about one-fourth of a pineapple and cut it into small pieces after peeling, Blend these pieces with a glass of water, Sip on this throughout the day, Alternatively, you can just chew on these pineapple pieces at regular intervals.

You must do this throughout the day at regular intervals.

Pineapples are a rich source of an enzyme called bromelain, along with vitamins A and C. These enzymes and vitamins exhibit anti-inflammatory properties and can thus be used to treat the inflammation caused by tinnitus

Mistletoe Tea

3 teaspoons of mistletoe, 3 cups of water, Honey (optional)

After that, You Have To Do Add the mistletoe to water and allow it to steep overnight, You can drink this tea the next day at regular intervals, You can also add honey to this tea for flavor.

You can consume this tea thrice daily for best results.

Tinnitus is sometimes also the result of high blood pressure. Mistletoe not only helps to lower the blood pressure but also improves the blood circulation so that more oxygen and nutrients can reach your ears. Thus, mistletoe is also one of the best options to relieve tinnitus symptoms naturally.

Ginkgo biloba

An herb said to stimulate circulation, ginkgo biloba may have an impact on a subset of people with tinnitus.


A popular therapy for tinnitus, acupuncture (either manual or electroacupuncture) is sometimes said to help manage symptoms.


A basic follow mineral, zinc is associated with nerve transmissions all through the sound-related pathway in the body and has been connected to tinnitus in a few early examinations.


First of all, Need 1 to 2 teaspoons of wolfberry, 1 cup of water, Honey (optional)

Add dried wolfberries to a cup of water and bring this to a boil in a saucepan, Allow it to simmer for 5 minutes and strain the liquid, Consume this infusion before it turns cold.

After that, Must drink this infusion at least once daily.

Wolfberry is a Chinese fruit with numerous healing properties. It is rich in many vitamins and minerals that help in improving blood circulation and act as antioxidants to heal tinnitus and its symptoms


Exercise contributes significantly to your overall well-being. Tinnitus can be aggravated by stress, depression, anxiety, lack of sleep, and illness. Regular exercise will help you manage stress, sleep better, and stay healthier.

Please always wear over the ear hearing protection such as ear mufflers and earplugs, in noisy environments. Low-level background music and specialized ear maskers can help.

The choice of sound should be pleasant to the individual. Concealing gadgets offer transitory alleviation, and the attention to tinnitus returns when the sound treatment is killed.

Turn down the volume: listening to music at very high volume through headphones can cause hearing loss and tinnitus.

Try yoga

Again, stress-busting techniques such as yoga can help you to quieten a racing mind. A constant ringing in the ears can affect concentration and honing in on particular yoga postures can increase your focus and allow relief from racing thoughts.

In routine life Exercise, good sleeping habits and healthy eating. Avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol, recreational and social activities, and stress management and relaxation techniques can help achieve optimum wellness.

Daily Fitness Tips Yoga

Top 7 Yoga for Glowing Skin and Healthy Hair

Best 7 Yoga for Glowing Skin and Healthy Hair

Today you’re going to see top 7 actionable yoga for Glowing Skin and Healthy Hair.

Let’s dive right in.

Beautiful Hair and Glowing Skin is in trend.  Have you ever wondered how the Hollywood & Bollywood biggest celebrities maintain their great whitening skin all the time? Now it’s time to reveal their top secret, they follow and embrace the Yoga in their lifestyle. But the question arises, is there any specific Yoga for Skin Whitening and healthy hair. So, here are 7 yoga poses for beauty that will help improve your blood circulation and will give you a more glowing skin and beautiful hair.

  • Pranayama
  • Sasangasana
  • Halasana yoga
  • Vajrasana
  • Matsyasana
  • Apanasana
  • Adho Mukha Svanasana or Downward Dog Facing Pose


Pranayama, is breath work. “Prana” is Breath or crucial vitality in the body. Hyper oxygenating your blood to get high. I like the inclination and love to ruminate while in that condition of oxygen rich happiness. It also enables the heart to pump more oxygenated blood to your body, which in turn improves your skin quality if performed Daily. Your body tingles and a bright white light can envelope your whole being. And you feel calm, aware and buzzed.



The reason for the name is, it resemble the position of the rabbit. It is called as Yoga Rabbit Pose in English.

This is also called the rabbit pose which improves blood circulation to the scalp to help promote hair growth



Halasana , also called the Plough Pose  is a folded inversion, Improves your blood circulation, which means your skin will get an increased supply of fresh blood. This asana also helps flush out the toxins from the digestive tract. And also corrects the semen as well as sex-related issues.

Traditionally considered a finishing pose that may be practiced at the end of a yoga session


This asana improves digestion and with regular practice, it eliminates constipation.

This Vajrasana Vajra – Diamond or Thunderbolt pose helps to tune in the digestive system which also promotes hair growth. This pose is very simple but highly effective in promoting a healthy hair growth cycle.



To feel the positive alterations, boundless transfigurations within your body, practice the Matsyasana or Fish Posture. Profound breathing while at the same time rehearsing this matsyasana (fish present) will enable your respiratory framework to remain more beneficial.

Matsyasana pose stretches your upper body, which brings about uninterrupted airflow.



Apanasana is a classic yoga posture. It can be done in the bed right after when you wake up in the morning. The posture is also recognized by the name of knees to chest posture.

It helps with digestion issues and Cures lower back pains. there are many other benefits of this particular yoga posture for hair growth.


Adho Mukha Svanasana

The Adho Mukha Svanasana looks similar to a how a dog looks when it bends forward. This asana has various astounding advantages that make it very basic for you to rehearse it consistently. The best part is, even a learner can get the hang of this asana without any difficulty.

The hips are lifted, and the head is dropped below the heart. There is a reversal in the pull of gravity, so fresh blood flows, thus promoting circulation.

Adho Mukha Svanasana

A lot of skin problems can also be caused from oily skin. Doing pranayamas, which are breathing exercises in yoga, can help to create a cooling effect. When you practice yoga, the blood dissemination in your body is upgraded. This means more oxygen and lesser free radicals. The new blood likewise bestows a warm gleam to the cheeks. Apart from this, toxins are flushed out, and the body is toned, adding to the beauty quotients.

Note: All the tips mentioned above are preventive rather than curative. Rehearsing Yoga builds up the body and brain, yet is certifiably not a substitute for prescription.

Mental Disease

Phobia Symptoms Types Causes and Treatment or Home Remedies

Learn here how to recognize, treat, and overcome the problem.

What is Phobia?

Phobia is the steady dread of a circumstance, movement, or thing that makes one need to maintain a strategic distance from it. A fear is normally associated with something explicit.

The normal age that fears start is around 10 years old. On the off chance that you have a fear, you may encounter a profound feeling of fear or frenzy when you experience the wellspring of your dread.

An approximately more than 6 million Americans have a phobia that causes difficulty in some area of their lives

Types of Phobia

Mainly there are three type of phobia:

  • Specific phobia
  • Social phobia, or social anxiety
  • Agoraphobia

The most common specific phobias in the U.S. include:

  • Arachnophobia: Fear of spiders
  • Zoophobia: Fear of animals
  • Claustrophobia: Fear of being in constricted, confined spaces
  • Aerophobia: Fear of flying
  • Erythrophobia: Fear of blushing
  • Hypochondria: Fear of becoming ill
  • Aquaphobia: Fear of water
  • Driving phobia: Fear of driving a car
  • Escalaphobia: Fear of escalators
  • Tunnel phobia: Fear of tunnels
  • Emetophobia: Fear of vomiting
  • Acrophobia: Fear of heights
  • Blood, injury, and injection (BII) phobia: Fear of injuries with blood

What are Specific Phobia Symptoms and Signs?

Main Two Symptoms of phobias may include:

  • Physical symptoms
  • Emotional symptoms

Avoiding the object or situation or enduring it with great distress

acknowledgment that the fear is irrational, unreasonable, and exaggerated, combined with an inability to control the feelings

Feeling overwhelming anxiety or panic

physical symptoms like tremors, sweating, “mind going blank,” nausea, rapid heartbeat, trouble breathing, and an overwhelming desire to withdraw from the situation that is causing the phobic reaction.

Emotional Symptoms are Feeling intense need to escape and Fear of losing control or going crazy

Feeling like “unreal” or detached from yourself and Feeling like you’re going to die or pass out

What Causes of Phobia?

It is unusual for a phobia to start after the age of 10 years, and most begin during early childhood, the teenage years, or early adulthood.

Phobia have various side effects from genuine psychological sicknesses, for example, schizophrenia. In schizophrenia, people have visual and auditory hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, negative symptoms such as anhedonia, and disorganized symptoms.

Phobias might be unreasonable, yet individuals with fears don’t bomb reality testing.

A tyke whose guardians respond with dread and tension to specific articles or circumstances is probably going to likewise react to those items with dread.

The body reacts to the threat by releasing the hormone adrenalin, which causes symptoms such as:

  • Sweating
  • Trembling
  • Shortness of breath
  • A rapid heartbeat

You may have social anxiety if you:

  • often have symptoms such as feeling sick, sweating, trembling or a pounding heartbeat (palpitations)
  • have panic attacks (where you have an overwhelming sense of fear and anxiety, usually only for a few minutes)
  • always worry about doing something you think is embarrassing, such as blushing, sweating or appearing incompetent
  • find it difficult to do things when others are watching – you may feel like you’re being watched and judged all the time
  • fear criticism, avoid eye contact or have low self-esteem

Social anxiety is more than shyness. It’s an extraordinary dread that doesn’t leave and influences ordinary exercises, self-assurance, connections and work or school life.

Phobia Risk Factors

Individuals with a hereditary inclination to anxiety may be at high danger of building up a fear. Age, financial status, and sexual orientation appear to be hazard factors just for specific fears. For instance, ladies are bound to have creature phobias. Children or people with a low socioeconomic status are more likely to have social phobias. Men make up most of those with dentist and doctor phobias.

Treatment of Phobia

Numerous individuals with a phobia needn’t bother with treatment, and dodging the object of their dread is sufficient to control the issue. In this occurrence, you may choose to get proficient assistance and guidance to get some answers concerning treatment choices.

The main treatment types are:

  1. Self-help techniques
  2. Talking treatments
  3. Medication
  4. Psychotherapy
  5. Exposure therapy
  6. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most commonly used therapeutic treatment for decondition people and reduce anxiety.

Antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications can help reduce the anxiety and panic symptoms you experience from thinking about or being exposed to the object or situation you fear.

Medications may be used during initial treatment or for short-term use in specific, infrequently encountered situations

Home Remedies for Phobia

Relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation or yoga, may help cope with anxiety and stress.

Physical action and exercise may be useful in overseeing nervousness related with explicit fears.

Care strategies may be useful in figuring out how to endure tension and lessen evasion practices.

Phobia is a serious mental illness but with a healthy diet, proper exercise and certain natural and Ayurveda remedies the problem can be effectively handled.

Whatever may be the reason there are effective natural remedies for phobia such as ginseng, lemon or lime, Valerian root

Lemon or Lime: The juice of a lemon or lime is effective for reducing dizziness or nausea associated with a phobia. Just cut a lemon into two halves and smell it for getting relief during an attack of phobia.

Did you got something new information from this phobia guide? Or maybe you have a question.

Either way, leave a comment below right now.

Nose Diseases

Stuffy Nose / Rhinitis Causes, Symptoms and Home Remedy

Today you’re going to see Causes, Symptoms and Home Remedy of Stuffy Nose.

Let’s get started.

Stuffy Nose Information

The presence of increased secretions and mucus in the nasal passages, most commonly arising as a result of a common cold, allergic reaction, or inflammation or infection of the paranasal sinus infection.

Sinusitis can be brought about by contamination, sensitivities, and concoction or particulate disturbance of the sinuses.

The vast majority don’t spread sinus diseases to other individuals.

Stuffy Nose or  Nasal Congestion is Symptoms:

  • Stuffy or runny nose
  • Mucus buildup
  • Sinus pain
  • Coughing
  • Headache
  • Sneezing
  • Swollen nasal tissue

Stuffy nose is often a symptom of another health problem, such as a sinus infection. It may also be caused by the common cold.

What Causes of Stuffy Nose?

Nasal Congestion is when your nose becomes stuffed up and inflamed. Minor illnesses are the most common causes of Stuffy Nose. For example, a chilly, seasonal influenza, and sinus diseases would all be able to cause stuffy noses. Illness-related congestion usually improves within one week.

In many cases, Nasal blockage is just a brief issue. So what causes that stuffed up feeling? Some of the following conditions can lead to a stuffy nose or :

  • Hay fever
  • Allergies
  • Noncancerous growths, called nasal polyps, or benign tumors in the nasal passages
  • Environmental irritants
  • Chemical exposures
  • Long-lasting sinus infection, known as chronic sinusitis
  • Deviated septum

Viral infections

The basic cold, which is because of a viral contamination, is one of the most well-known reasons for a stuffy nose. There are several viruses that can cause a cold, with the rhinovirus being the most common.

Notwithstanding a stuffy nose, a virus may likewise cause sniffling, sore throat, and hack.

Allergic rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is very common. According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, 40 to 60 million people in the United States have the condition.

Allergic rhinitis occurs when the body’s immune system overreacts to a substance that is usually not harmful. Common triggers of allergic rhinitis include pollen, dust, and pet dander.

Other than a stuffy nose, symptoms may incorporate wheezing, a runny nose, and irritated eyes. It’s not clear why some people develop allergic rhinitis, but having a family history of allergies is a risk factor.

Atrophic rhinitis

Atrophic rhinitis happens when there is diminishing and solidifying of the mucous films inside the nose. The diminishing tissues make it simpler for microbes to develop and prompt an infection. Crusts also may form inside the nose.

The condition is most normal in individuals who have had different nose medical procedures.

Nasal congestion may also occur during pregnancy, usually during the end of the first trimester. Hormonal changes and expanded blood supply that happen during pregnancy may cause this nasal blockage.

These progressions may influence the nasal layers, making them become aggravated, dry, or to drain.

Pregnancy rhinitis

Pregnancy influences numerous pieces of the body, and that can incorporate the nose. During pregnancy, hormones including progesterone and estrogen increase. The ascent in hormones alongside expanded blood stream can cause swelling of the mucous layers inside the nose. Symptoms may include stuffy nose and sneezing.

Pregnancy rhinitis can occur at any time during pregnancy. Symptoms usually go away shortly after delivery.

Stuffy Nose Risk Factor

  • A number of factors can increase the chance of having nonallergic rhinitis or stuffy nose.
  • Eating spicy foods can cause allergic rhinitis.
  • Exposure to someone with the common cold.
  • Irritants, such as tobacco smoke, smog, airplane fuel, solvents, exhaust fumes and some other substances increase the risk.

Stuffy Nose Home Remedy

  • Hot shower

Taking a hot shower can help decrease nasal congestion. The steam from the shower may enable bodily fluid to deplete from the nose and improve relaxing.

In spite of the fact that the advantages of the steam may not last, it will at any rate give transitory alleviation.


  • Try a saline spray

A saline shower may help reduction tissue irritation in the nose and diminish stuffiness.

Saline-just splashes don’t contain medicine, so they are generally protected to use during pregnancy. Saline sprays are available over the counter and medical store as well as online.

stuffy nose home remedy

  • Apply a warm compress

A warm compress may decrease sinus congestion and that stuffy feeling in the nose and face.

People can wet a washcloth with very warm water and apply it to the face. They simply should make certain the water isn’t hot to the point that it consumes the skin. A few people add cut crisp ginger to the water before dousing the washcloth.

  • Try eucalyptus oil

Eucalyptus oil is made from the leaves of the eucalyptus tree. The oil has been used for hundreds of years for its healing properties.

Breathing in the oil can diminish irritation of the nasal coating and make breathing simpler. Simply place a few drops of the oil in a pot of boiling water and inhale the steam.

If you are interested in purchasing eucalyptus oil, then there is an excellent selection on Amazon with thousands of customer reviews.

  • Flush out the sinuses

There are different devices on the market, such as neti pots, which can be used to flush the sinuses, and are available to buy online.

Neti pots have been utilized for a long time to clear the nasal entries of bodily fluid.

People can also use a saline solution to flush the mucus out of each nostril.

Distilled or previously boiled water that has cooled ought to be utilized to maintain a strategic distance from microscopic organisms from faucet water entering the nose.

  • Take sensitivity prescription

Sometimes, a stuffy nose is because of an unfavorably susceptible response.  Allergy medications may contain an antihistamine that blocks this reaction.

Users should be sure to choose carefully and read the directions on the package and be aware of side effects. Some sensitivity prescriptions can cause laziness, so driving ought to be kept away from.

  • Stay hydrated

Making sure to drink enough water is always important; with a stuffed nose, it is even more important.

Being well-hydrated thins the mucus of the nasal passages and helps push fluid from the nose, decreasing pressure in the sinuses.

When the pressure is reduced, there will be less irritation and inflammation.

  • Decongestant nasal spray

Decongestants may likewise be a choice to diminish nasal congestion. They work by causing the little veins in the nose to narrow. The narrowing reductions swelling in the coating of the nose and decreases stuffiness.

Decongestants are available in pill form and nasal sprays. Nasal splashes may work quicker since they don’t need to be consumed by the stomach. Anybody with hypertension ought to inquire as to whether it is protected to take decongestants.

  • Use a humidifier

The additional dampness noticeable all around from a cool or warm fog humidifier can thin the bodily fluid in the nose. This makes depleting simpler. A cool fog may likewise decrease aggravation of the mucous layers inside the nose.

It’s important to keep a humidifier clean to prevent bacteria growing. People should always follow the manufacturer’s cleaning recommendations. There are various humidifiers available online.

The additional moisture noticeable all around from a cool or warm fog humidifier can thin the bodily fluid in the nose. This makes draining easier. A cool fog may likewise lessen irritation of the mucous films inside the nose.

It’s important to keep a humidifier clean to prevent bacteria growing. People should always follow the manufacturer’s cleaning recommendations.

  • Other Home Remedy 

Because having a stuffy nose is so common, there are a range of alternative methods that some people have found to relieve the sensation. Although evidence is lacking they include:

Facial massage : giving the sinuses a gentle massage with the fingers may relieve some symptoms.

DIY acupressure – applying light weight to the scaffold of the nose with the thumb and pointer. Simultaneously, with the other hand, get the muscles at either side of the back of the neck.

Apple cider vinegar – mix a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar into a glass of water and drink.

Peppermint tea – menthol may reduce stuffiness.

Arm Diseases

Paget Schroetter Syndrome Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment Do and Don’ts

Paget Schroetter Syndrome (PSS)

This syndrome goes by various names including:

  • venous thoracic outlet syndrome,
  • Paget-Schroetter syndrome,
  • “spontaneous” thrombosis of the upper extremity, or
  • upper limb deep vein thrombosis
  • Effort thrombosis
  • Effort induced Thrombosis (Effort subclavian vein thrombosis)

Group of people in Paget Schroetter Syndrome

Infant, baby boy, baby girl, Teen Boy, Teen Girl, Man, Women, Old Man, Old Women

Paget Schroetter Syndrome Disease information

Paget-Schroetter disorder (PSS) or “exertion” thrombosis of the axillary-subclavian vein is a phenomenal reason for profound vein thrombosis (DVT) seen in physically dynamic and generally sound people.

Effort thrombosis or Paget Schroetter Syndrome is more common in young and otherwise healthy men. It preferentially involves the dominant arm.

Paget-Schroetter syndrome,also alluded to as “exertion thrombosis,” alludes to essential thrombosis of the subclavian vein at the costoclavicular intersection.

Exertion thrombosis alludes to axillary-subclavian vein thrombosis (ASVT) related with strenuous and dreary action of the furthest points. It is a medical condition in which blood clots form in the deep veins of the arms.

The Paget-Schroetter syndrome is a rare condition often occurs in young, healthy patients, which involves thrombosis of subclavian veins associated with muscular efforts of the upper limb, which cause endothelial injuries.

This syndrome typically presents in young patients, and the role of hereditary and acquired thrombophilia remains unclear.

What Causes of Paget Schroetter Syndrome?

You may experience effort vein thrombosis if you have a large neck and upper-arm muscles or overexertion of those muscles.

Hyperabduction and retro version of the arm are believed to be the causes of Paget-Schroetter syndrome. Paget-Schroetter syndrome caused by wrestling

Paget-Schroetter syndrome causes include: 

  • Paget–Schroetter syndrome should be considered a possible cause Given below
  • Painful swelling of the upper limb,
  • Especially significant edema,
  • Blue staining, and
  • Dilatation of the shallow veins in the patient’s correct upper appendage in youthful, dynamic patients who utilize their arms too much.
  • Thoracic outlet obstruction
  • Repetitive movement of the arm and shoulder with over the head extension
  • Presence of an extra rib above the first rib that compresses the subclavian vein
  • Previous collarbone or rib fracture
  • An abnormal ligament that compresses the subclavian vein

Risk Factors of Paget-Schroetter Syndrome

  • Vigorous exercise of the neck and upper extremity muscles
  • Overdeveloped foremost scalene muscle
  • Physical movement including hyperabduction of the shoulder, as found in weightlifters
  • Nearness of cervical rib
  • Intrinsic band among first and second ribs
  • Break of the clavicle with callus arrangement
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Rudimentary first rib
  • Motions often associated with tennis players and baseball pitchers
  • Apical tumors of the superior sulcus of the lung (Pancoast tumor)

Sign and Symptoms of Paget-Schroetter Syndrome

Paget-Schroetter Syndrome Symptoms are non‐specific, range in severity may be position‐dependent and occasionally. Other more dramatic signs may include swelling of the shoulder and arm.

Symptom onset is usually acute or sub-acute but occasionally, patients may present with chronic symptoms.

  • Dull aching pain within the affected arm and shoulder …
  • Asymptomatic
  • Young patient presenting with blue, heavy, swollen, painful arm
  • Pain in the arm, neck and shoulder region
  • Discoloration, tenderness, and distension on the affected arm
  • Visible collaterals on the affected arm
  • Arm discoloration and palpable vessels
  • Cyanosis and dilated,
  • Visible veins across the shoulder and upper arm
  • Redness of the upper extremity
  • Dilated, visible veins around the shoulder
  • Pain, swelling or congestion in the affected arm
  • Affected arm turns blue

Do and Don’ts of Paget Schroetter Syndrome


  • Extend legs when voyaging long separations
  • Arm pressure with an arm sleeve and rise of the limit may help with symptomatic alleviation
  • Realize the hazard factors for blood clusters
  • Remain all around hydrated (during and after a strenuous game and travel)
  • Know the side effects of DVT and PE and look for early medicinal consideration on the off chance that they happen;
  • Know whether you have a family ancestry of blood clusters
  • Realize that DVT and PE can occur in the athlete

Home remedies or Home Treatments

The current standard of care for treating Paget-Schroetter syndrome involves catheter-directed thrombolysis followed by surgical decompression with resection of the ipsilateral first rib.

Paget-Schroetter Syndrome is progressively normal in more youthful, physically dynamic people. Clinicians must be familiar with the symptoms, physical examination, and initial imaging and treatment to expedite care and prevent possible life-threatening complications.

In the event of significant medical procedure, injury, delayed fixed status, or when in a cast: ask your primary care physician whether you ought to get DVT prophylaxis and, if truly, for to what extent. At that time there are no home treatment found.

Differential Diagnosis

Diagnosis is contingent on referral for diagnostic testing, as the signs and symptoms may be elusive. The likelihood of a Paget-Schroetter disorder ought to be considered in differential determination if furthest point protests of obscure root happen in the wake of wrestling matches.

However Awareness of this rare condition is essential for primary care physicians to avoid delay in diagnosis and treatment.

The differential diagnosis for Paget-Schroetter includes:

  • Axillosubclavian venous thrombosis
  • Upper arm contusion
  • Allergic reaction
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Unilateral brachial plexopathy
  • Subclavian artery aneurysm
  • Pott’s syndrome
  • Bony/soft tissue tumor
  • Lymphedema of the upper extremity
  • Cellulites
  • localized hematoma in biceps muscle
  • muscle contusion and strain
  • superficial phlebitis

Prevention of Paget-Schroetter syndrome

Prevention for risk factors and diagnostic methods related to Paget-Schroetter syndrome in patients presenting to urgent care with relevant risk factors is essential to initiating therapy on site and timely referral to a hospital and/or vascular surgeon. For more refer do in Paget-Schroetter syndrome.

Other information

Paget-Schroetter is an uncommon finding in the all inclusive community. The conclusion of Paget-Schroetter disorder ought to be viewed as when assessing upper arm torment.

Most doctors new to exertion thrombosis oversee it likewise to exemplary lower furthest point DVT. This is especially true for overhead athletes, who are at greater risk for the development of this syndrome.  Awareness of this condition is important for primary care physicians.

Anus Diseases

Anal Fissure Symptoms, Causes, Cure and Home Remedy

Alternative Names of Anal Fissure:

Anal Tear, Fissure in Ano, Anorectal Fissure and  Anal Ulcer.

Group of people in Anal Fissure or Anal Ulcer

Infant, toddlers, Baby boy, Baby girl, Teen Boy, Teen Girl, Man, Women, Old Man and Old Women.

An  Anal Fissure Cycle for example,

Anal fissure Pain -> bleeding and screaming -> Deliberate hanging on -> Hard feces ->Eventual defecation -> Re-tear of the old fissure -> Anal fissure / Anal Ulcer

What is Anal Fissure Disease?

An anal fissure is a little cut or tears in the coating of the butt that can be strongly agonizing The crack in the skin causes severe pain and some bright red bleeding during and after bowel movements.

Anal fissures are a common problem. An anal fissure for the most part is certifiably not a serious condition. It can cause pain, bleeding and/or itching.

You also may encounter fits in the ring of muscle toward the finish of your butt (sphincter). Anal fissures might be seen by splendid red anal seeping on bathroom tissue and underpants, or here and there in the latrine. On the off chance that intense they are difficult after poo.

Anal fissures develop with equivalent recurrence in both genders; they will in general happen in more youthful and moderately aged people.

An anal fissure can occur at any age.  A one-time anal fissure is a common childhood condition. Anal fissures may also occur in children of any age but are most common in toddlers.

The child may scream when defecating and have bright red blood in their feces. An anal fissure is a small ulcer or tear in your skin around the opening of your anus.

Causes of Anal Fissure Disease

Anal fissure most usually happens because of clogging, when an especially hard or enormous crap tears the coating of the anal canal. Anal fissures are most ordinarily brought about by harm to the covering of the rear-end or anal canal the last piece of the digestive organ.

It can also be triggered by repeated diarrhea, causing irritation in the anal lining, passing stool frequently while suffering from diarrhea can also irritate the tissue and result in a fissure.

The most common cause is passing a hard stool (poo) which can tear the delicate skin just inside the anus, leaving a small cut.

Normal causes of an anal fissure include:

  • Persistent / Chronic diarrhea
  • loose bowels Constipation and stressing during movements
  • Trauma, for example from anal intercourse or other inclusion of remote (Trauma to the inner lining of the anus)
  • Unusually tight anal sphincter muscles
  • Anal intercourse (A sexually transmitted infection, such as anal herpes, which causes the tissues to become soft and fragile)
  • Childbirth or Straining during childbirth.
  • pregnancy (multiple pregnancies and childbirth can cause anal fissures due to the straining and pushing of childbirth;)
  • anal injury
  • Cancer of the rectum.
  • Passing large or hard stools or passing a dry stools
  • Inflammation of the anorectal area,
  • decreased blood flow to the anorectal area
  • chronic constipation
  • rough or excessive wiping of the butt subsequent to passing a movement
  • Reduced blood flow to the rectal area.
  • Extra tight anal sphincter muscles.
  • Straining while passing stool.
  • inflammation of the anus and rectum
  • overly tight or spastic anal sphincter muscles
  • scratching (as a reaction to pinworm infection)

Less common causes of anal fissures include:

  • Inflammatory bowel disease like Crohn’s disease
  • Anal cancer
  • HIV
  • Tuberculosis
  • Syphilis and Herpes (occasionally, a sexually transmitted infection (STI), such as syphilis or herpes, which can infect and damage the anal canal)

However, In many cases, no clear cause can be identified

Risk Factors of Anal Fissure Disease

Certain factors raise the risk for anal fissures, including:

  • Inflammatory bowel disease, (Crohn’s disease. This inflammatory bowel disease causes chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract, which may make the lining of the anal canal more vulnerable to tearing.)
  • Constipation (Straining during bowel movements and passing hard stools increase the risk of tearing.)
  • Multiple pregnancies;
  • Having anal sex (anoreceptive intercourse)
  • Childbirth (Anal fissures are more common in women after they give birth.)
  • Straining to pass a bowel movement
  • Prior to anal surgery, which can cause scarring and decrease the tissue’s elasticity
  • Aging (Older adults may develop an anal fissure partly due to slowed circulation, resulting in decreased blood flow to the rectal area)
  • Chronic diarrhea or Intense diarrhea
  • Recent weight loss surgery, because it leads to frequent diarrhea
  • Minor trauma, especially trauma caused by high-level mountain biking
  • You suffer from IBD.

Sign and Symptoms of Anal Fissure Disease

The symptoms of an anal fissure are relatively specific. The most widely recognized symptom of an anal fissure is a shooting pain in the rear-end and surrounding area. Anal fissures often cause painful bowel movements and bleeding. You may also see blood on the toilet paper after wiping. Anal fissures may also cause itching in the anal area.

Signs and symptoms of an anal fissure include:

  • burning or itching in the anal area
  • Bright red blood on from the anus or toilet paper after a bowel movement
  • a sharp pain when you poo, often followed by a deep burning pain that may last several hours
  • Pain, sometimes severe, during bowel movements
  • A small crack or tear in the skin around the anus and feeling of cramp around the anus
  • bleeding when you poo – most people notice a small amount of bright red blood either in their poo or on the toilet paper
  • A malodorous discharge from the anal opening (usually for severe cases) that may indicate possible infection
  • A small lump or skin tag on the skin near the anal fissure (more common when chronic)
  • A small lump or skin tag on the skin near the anal fissure
  • anal pain
  • Visible cut or tear in the skin around the anus.
  • Frequent urination or inability to urinate
  • A malodorous discharge from the anal opening (usually for severe cases) that may indicate possible infection

Do and Don’ts

  • do some regular exercise as this will help regular bowel movement
  • Try to avoid sitting for long periods of time and exercise as often as you can, as this will increase blood circulation to your anal region and aid healing.
  • Apply petroleum jelly to the anus.
  • Must Take regular sitz (salt bath) baths.
  • Increase your fiber and fluid. Drink at least 15 cups (2 liters) of fluid a day. If the stool is small and hard this will help to bulk up and soften it
  • Hydrocortisone cream helps to relieve irritation.
  • A numbing ointment helps to relieve pain.
  • Get enough exercise. Eat a well-balanced, high-fiber diet rich in fruits and vegetables. Drink enough liquids.
  • Discuss your medication with your Expert.
  • Use baby wipes instead of toilet paper.
  • not ignoring the urge to poo – this can cause your poo to dry out and become harder to pass
  • Drink six to eight glasses of water every day.
  • Call your health care provider if you have severe or lasting rectal bleeding.


  • Do not strain to pass a stool as this will damage the lining of the anus. Avoid sitting on the toilet for too long and limit the time to five minutes. Avoid putting off going to the toilet as this will make you more constipated
  • avoiding dehydration by drinking plenty of water
  • Similarly,  Do not use any suppositories, enemas, or laxatives without your doctor’s advice.
  • Not take Bed rest. Bed rest does not help this condition
  • Avoid straining during bowel movements. Stressing makes weight, which can open a mending tear or cause another tear.
  • DON’T stop taking your stool softener because you feel better unless your health care provider tells you to.
  • Do not use any medicines (including herbal products) without first asking your health care provider.
  • Please do not ignore symptoms. Call your health care provider if your symptoms don’t improve or they worsen during treatment or if you see new symptoms.

Home remedies for Anal Fissure Disease

High-Fiber Foods

It Increasing your daily intake of Fibre by including plenty of high-fibre foods in your diet, such as fruit, vegetables, and wholegrain.

Eating around 25 to 30 grams of fiber daily can help keep stools delicate and improve fissure mending. Eating plenty of fiber, such as is found in fruit, vegetables, cereals, wholemeal bread

Fiber-rich foods include fruits, vegetables, nuts, and whole grains. You also can take a fiber supplement. Adding fiber may cause gas and bloat, so increase your intake gradually.

The doctor will likely recommend taking a fiber supplement, like Metamucil, which will soften the stool, making it easier to expel.

the normal substance of dietary fiber per serving of every one of the nutritional categories is as recorded:

  • Need Fruits – 1 to 2 grams
  • Nuts – 6 to 8 grams
  • Legumes, or beans – 4 to 5 grams
  • Vegetables – 2 to 3 grams
  • Refined grains – 2 to 3 grams

Sitz bath or hip shower, which includes sitting in plain, non-lathery water after crap to keep the zone clean. A sitz shower, which is a warm-water shower, directly after you have a solid discharge, rinses the anal opening and loosens up the inside anal sphincter, which keeps the tissue from tearing more. This likewise helps keep the territory perfect and dry, helping the fissure mend.

During Sitz showers, the rectal region is inundated in warm water for around 10 to 15 minutes a few times every day. Sitz showers work by improving blood stream and loosening up the interior anal sphincter.

Sitz showers ought to be completed 3 times each day and after any defecation. This includes sitting in warm sudsy water to clean the territory. Hand-held shower spouts are exceptionally viable for this. Showering after each solid discharge is additionally powerful.

In conclusion, Sitz baths for anal fissure may be recommended as they are thought to soothe and relax the anus muscles, relieving some of the painful internal sphincter muscle spasms. This involves sitting in plain, non-soapy water after defecation.

Hot baths

Take a bath three times a day and usually, the fissure will heal within 4 weeks.

Hot Baths Washing up, with the water up as high as your tub permits, and loosening up the anal muscles will enable blood to stream into the area.

So, while you are in the tub, contract the muscle you use to stop having a bowel movement or to urinate. Then concentrate on relaxing that muscle. Do this like clockwork while you are in the tub.

In Addition, Washing the area carefully with water after using the toilet, to avoid irritation and infection. Soap should be avoided as this may cause irritation, and the area should be gently dried.

Absorbing your last a hot shower a few times each day, especially after a solid discharge, to loosen up the muscles in your rear-end.

Not deferring heading off to the latrine when you feel the inclination. Sitting on a warm heating pad or warm water bottle is thought to promote healing as heat increases blood flow to the area

Drinking plenty of liquids to softens stools. In addition, It is best to avoid alcoholic drinks as they can cause dehydration. Adults should aim to drink two liters or more each day. Application of petroleum jelly or zinc oxide ointment can reduce itching and discomfort.

Tips for Preventing Anal Fissures

An anal fissure can’t always be prevented, but you can reduce your risk of getting one by taking the following preventive measures:

  • Keeping the butt-area dry and cleansing the butt area tenderly with mellow cleanser and warm water.
  • treating diarrhea immediately
  • Make sure to wipe gently after going to the toilet.
  • You can prevent anal fissures by eating high-fibre foods, exercising regularly and drinking lots of water. Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day. Following a healthy diet containing high-fibre foods, such as fruits, vegetables, cereals, and wholegrain products. These are all good things to do to help digestion and bowel health, which will help prevent constipation. It’s also important to wipe your bottom gently after going to the toilet.-
  • Do Exercise regularly
  • Drinking more water throughout the day to help keep your stools soft and keep your digestive system moving.
  • Avoid straining during bowel movements
  • Careful anal hygiene after defecation, including using soft toilet paper and cleaning with water, plus the use of sanitary wipes.
  • changing infants’ diapers frequently


Several types of creams can help You, including:

  • Anesthetic cream, Hydro cortisone creams, Zinc oxide cream or petroleum jelly, Glyceryl trinitrate (GTN).

Other information

There are no reliable estimates of the frequency of anal fissures in the general population. However, Fissures can recur easily, and it is quite common for a fully healed fissure to recur after a hard bowel movement or other trauma.

On the off chance that the fissure is long-standing, a skin tag at the site of the fissure can create. Anal fissures are not associated with cancer, but you should always talk to your doctor if you have bleeding with a bowel movement.

Fissures are sometimes confused with hemorrhoids. Anal fissure surgery is required at times when traditionalist treatment comes up short.

Buttock Diseases

Coccydynia / Tailbone Pain Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & Tips

What is Coccydynia or Tailbone Pain?

Coccydynia is inflammation localised to the tailbone. Aggravation of the tailbone (coccyx or hard zone found profound between the rear end over the butt) is alluded to as coccydynia.

Coccydynia is a pain felt in your coccyx. This is the last bone at the base of the spine. You can get it if you injure or strain your coccyx or the surrounding muscles and ligaments. The pain does not radiate.

It can range from dull to severe. Delayed sitting, changing position – like from sitting to standing – and strenuous exercises may expand the agony.

Damage to the coccyx is a noteworthy major factor for coccydynia. Coccydynia soften improves over a few weeks or months.

Affected Disease group of Coccydynia / Tailbone Pain

Baby Boy and girl, Teen Boy and girl, Adult Man and Women, Aged Man and Women

Coccydynia is related with agony and delicacy at the tip of the tailbone between the buttocks. Sitting often worsens coccyx pain.

Patients with coccydynia are encouraged to utilize a well-cushioned seat when sitting and maintain a strategic distance from extensive stretches of sitting when conceivable.

Medical procedure for coccydynia is generally possibly suggested when every single other treatment have fizzled.

It might include evacuating a portion of your tailbone (halfway coccygectomy) or at times every last bit of it (total coccygectomy)

Causes of Coccydynia Back Pain

Common causes of Coccydynia or Tailbone Pain is listed below:

  • Childbirth [The coccyx can be injured or fractured during childbirth.]
  • an injury or accident, such as a fall
  • repeated or prolonged strain on the coccyx
  • poor posture
  • being overweight or underweight
  • The pain is often worsened by sitting.
  • Less common causes can include a bony growth on the coccyx, the coccyx being too flexible or too rigid, and arthritis. Rare but serious
  • Causes include infection and cancer.
  • The reason for the torment is obscure and never decided. Conditions known to lead to coccyx pain include the following.
  • Damage to the coccyx is an extremely normal reason for tailbone pain. Injury to the coccyx may lead to a bruise, fracture, or dislocation of the coccyx.
  • A fall onto the tailbone in the situated position, as a rule against a hard surface, is a typical reason for coccyx damage.
  • A hard impact to the tailbone, for example, those that happen during physical games, can likewise harm the coccyx.
  • Dull stressing or grinding against the coccyx (as occurs in bicycling or paddling) can harm the coccyx. Less regular reasons for coccyx pain incorporate bone goads, pressure of nerve roots, confined diseases, pilonidal sores, and tumors.

Symptoms of Coccydynia

Common Sign and Sympots of Coccydynia are:

  • Difficulty standing up from a resting position and performing other everyday activities, such as driving or bending down
  • Bruising near the coccyx
  • Some low back pain
  • Deep, intense aches in the tailbone region
  • be dull and achy most of the time, with occasional sharp pains  in the coccyx area
  • Backache
  • Shooting pains down your legs
  • Pain before or when you pass stools
  • Painful buttocks and hips
  • in women: increased pain during your period
  • Make it very difficult to sleep and carry out everyday activities, such as driving or bending over.
  • Pain while defecating
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • If the injury is traumatic, a bruise may be visible in the coccyx area.
  • Pain and tenderness in the area just above the buttocks [tailbone area]. Extreme confined pain or a profound hurt might be felt in the tailbone region when touched.
  • The pain is commonly more awful when sitting for delayed time frames on a hard surface or with direct weight to the tailbone area.
  • Discomfort during bowel movements [Bowel movements and straining may be painful.

Do and Don’ts

Do not sit leaning backward. Coccydynia pain happens more while the person sits inclining in reverse. Hence, try tor sit straight or slightly leaning forward, while keeping the lower back straight.

Do not sit for long hours. Consider moving around once in 30 – 45 minutes.

Obesity: If you are over-weight, while sitting, the coccyx has to bear that much extra weight. Hence, follow these obesity tips and lose weight.

Cold and hot packs: If you are determined to have coccydynia, and are encountering pain, at that point for the underlying 2 – 3 days, keep an ice pack over the painful area for 10 minutes twice a day.

This would reduce the pain. After the third day, for the next one week, keep warm water pack for 10 minutes twice a day. Before giving high temp water pack, apply Mahanarayana oil over the painful area. This would help in bringing down inflammation.

Do not carry excessive weight. This reduces the pain and pressure on coccyx bone.

Clothing: Clothing like tight jeans or trousers may worsen yor coccydynia. Wear loose clothes that won’t put weight on your coccyx. Also wear flat agreeable shoes.

Sitting: Exceptionally planned gel-filled pads can decrease pain when you are sitting. It also helps you to lean forward and rest your arms in front of you on a flat surface such as that of a table. This takes the pressure off your coccyx.

Sleeping: With coccydynia, sleeping on the sides will be awkward. In the event that you have extreme pain, rest on your front to feel good. Have a go at laying down with pad or pad between your knees.

Swimming for at least 20 minutes a day with 5 minutes of kicking warm up will better the pain of coccydynia (though it may not completely get rid of the pain)

Avoid long periods of sitting when possible.

Sitting on a pillow, cushion or a buttock support. Utilize a well-cushioned seat when sitting.

Home Remedies for Coccydynia / Tailbone Pain

Change Your Posture

The most important way to reduce tailbone pain is to avoid sitting for too long. This is very common if you have a desk job.

We spend almost all of our working hours sitting in front of the computer or laptop. Since this is unavoidable, at least ensure you maintain good posture.

  • While sitting, don’t droop in backward with your neck forward into a C shape.
  • Take frequent breaks and small walks.
  • Sit on a soft chair or seat to reduce the pain.
  • Sit on exceptionally planned coccyx pads to diminish the weight on the tailbone, consequently lessening pain. These are readily available in pharmacies.

Use Warm and Cold Packs

Apply warm and cold packs to your tailbone. Warm packs incorporate boiling water containers and microwaveable warming cushions. Cold packs are accessible as gel-filled cushions in drug stores. The hot and cold treatment is safe if used correctly.

Heat causes the blood vessels to dilate, bringing more blood to stimulate healing of damaged tissues. Cold treatments can be used to reduce any swelling or inflammation near the tailbone area.

Consider wearing loose-fitting clothes and avoid clothes like tight jeans or trousers that may put pressure on the tailbone region. Also, must try avoiding heels and wear comfortable, flat shoes or sandal to reduce tailbone pain.


Tailbone pain may come with infection around the tailbone. You ought to apply slaked lime with turmeric powder to treat it.

Prepare a paste of slaked lime with turmeric and water and then apply it over the tailbone, you will get relief from the pain.

Epsom Salt

This home cure can without a doubt give you speedy alleviation. To attempt this you have to wash up in the bath. Include two cups Epsom salt in the bath, when it is brimming with water.

Blend the Epsom salt impacts and after that sit inside the bath for in any event ten minutes. Epsom has capacity to diminish pain happening in the tailbone and it can successfully contract the sore.

Levator Ani Massage

Your tailbone pain can be easily terminated by applying Levator Ani massage. You need to take successful pain alleviation back rub oil and do knead in the encompassed territory of tailbone.

It is the way you can vitally lessen the pain and feel better for the work.

Change in Sleeping Position

You need to prevent pressure on tailbone, which can be a little bit difficult during sleep. You should sleep on the stomach because thus you can easily prevent your tailbone from pressure.

A few people want to rest inside posture, yet it’s anything but a method for diminishing tailbone pain.

Avoid Tight Jeans

You should avoid wearing clothing like tight jeans, when you are suffering from tailbone pain. It increases irritation and pain of tailbone, which isn’t good for your health.

Wear lose clothes and sleep properly during the night to avoid increment in tailbone pain.


Famous as an efficient antibiotic ingredient, turmeric can also help you with healing tailbone pain. It prevents you from suffering from swelling around the tailbone.

You should drink one-glass milk with turmeric daily. It is the cheapest way of reducing pain and avoiding infection.

Tea Tree Oil

It can be an efficient cure for infected tailbone. This oil has ability of reducing infection plus increasing the healing process.

You can apply tea tree oil as back rub oil over a contaminated area and wear free clothes to speed up healing process. It works and preciously reduces pain.

Utilize Special Cushions For Sitting

Managing tailbone pain can be overwhelming and aggravating. Sitting and resting likewise turns out to be very troublesome with this pain that is the reason unique pads are accessible for you.

These pads offer powerful alleviation in sitting and along these lines you can finish your work without getting stressed over tailbone pain.


Muscle strain is very normal during tailbone pain. This condition may transform into a painful condition and it is very imperative to loosen up muscles. You can do it by walking.

Routinely stroll, in any event for ten minutes since it unblocks stressed muscles. Walking can likewise help you in fixing tailbone’s relocation.

The following advice may help decrease pain and enable you to continue ahead with your regular exercises.

  • Utilize an exceptionally planned coccyx pad, these can be purchased on the web and from certain shops; they help decrease the weight on your tailbone while you’re plunking down
  • Maintain a strategic distance from delayed sitting at whatever point conceivable – attempt to stand up and stroll around normally; inclining forward while situated may likewise help.
  • Wear loose-fitting clothes – abstain from attire, for example, tight pants or pants that may put weight on your tailbone.
  • Apply warm and cold packs to your tailbone – warm packs include hot water bottles and microwaveable heating pads; cold packs are available as freezable gel-filled pads from pharmacies, or you can utilize a pack of solidified peas wrapped by a towel.
  • Try laxatives(medicines to treat constipation) if the pain is worse when you open your bowels – many laxatives are available to buy from pharmacies and supermarkets without a prescription.
  • Take over-the-counter painkillers (see below).

Treatment at home for Coccydynia

Most of instances of coccyx pain can be overseen at home.

  • Abstain from plunking down on hard surfaces for significant lots of time. At the point when on hard surfaces, exchange sitting on each side of the buttocks. Also, lean forward and direct weight away from the tailbone.
  • For horrible wounds, apply ice to the tailbone area for 15-20 minutes, four times each day, for the initial couple of days after the damage.
  • Use NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), such as ibuprofen (Advil), for pain control.
  • Buy a “donut” pad or modified sitting pad to sit on. This pad has a gap in it so as to anticipate the tailbone from reaching the level sitting surface. This maintains a strategic distance from direct difficult contact against the coccyx area.
  • Eat nourishments high in fiber to mollify stools and avoid constipation, which can now and again cause declining torment in the coccyx area.

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Abdomen Diseases General Diseases

Travelers Diarrhea Cause, Sign and Symptoms, Home Remedies

Affected Age Group More common in young adults

Travelers Diarrhea

Traveler’s diarrhea is the most common illness in travelers. It is a digestive tract disorder that commonly causes loose stools and abdominal cramps.

Destination is the most noteworthy hazard factor for building up traveler’s diarrhea. Similarly, Travelers’ diarrhea (TD) is the most unsurprising travel-related ailment. It is a gastrointestinal illness that occurs in travelers.

Traveler’s diarrhea happens inside 10 days of movement to a region with poor open cleanliness.

Traveler’s diarrhea occurs as a result of eating or drinking contaminated food or water. When you visit a spot where the atmosphere or sterile practices are not quite the same as yours at home, you have an expanded danger of building up explorer’s diarrhea. However, Food and water contaminated with fecal matter are the main sources of infection.

Diarrhea happens in countless individuals who travel to remote nations. TD is a clinical disorder that can result from an assortment of intestinal pathogens.

What Causes of Diarrhea?

Traveler’s diarrhea caused by drinking water or eating food that has bacteria, viruses, or parasites. However, Most traveler’s diarrhea is from bacteria. Viral causes of traveler’s diarrhea are Norwalk virus (noro virus), Rotavirus virus and Entero viruses.

The most widely recognized reason for traveler’s diarrhea is enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) microbes. These bacteria attach themselves to the lining of your intestine and release a toxin that causes diarrhea and abdominal cramps.

However, Food and water can be infected by people like not washing hands after using the bathroom, Storing food unsafely, Handling and preparing food unsafely and Not cleaning surfaces and utensils safely.

Bacterial causes of traveler’s diarrhea are Sub types of E coli, Shigella s species, Salmonella species, Campylobacter jejuni and Vibrio species.

Protozoa causing traveler’s diarrhea are Giardia duodenalis/lamblia/intestinal is, known as giardiasis, Entamoeba histolytica and Cryptosporidium parvum.

Certain items are considered high risk for transmission like Raw or undercooked meats, Raw leafy vegetables, Seafood, Unpeeled fruits, Unpasteurized dairy products,

Safe products to eat and drink are Bottled carbonated beverages, Hot coffee or tea and Water boiled or treated appropriately with chlorine. Eateries are regular destinations for introduction to this sort of food contamination. Food from street vendors is even more risky.

What is Sign and Symptoms of Traveler Diarrhea

Traveler’s diarrhea usually begins abruptly during your trip or shortly after you return home. The typical symptoms of traveler’s diarrhea include:

  • Abdominal cramps
  • Fever and blood in the stool.
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Bloating
  • Painful bowel movements
  • an urgent need to defecate
  • Abrupt onset of passage of three or more loose stools a day
  • Explosive and painful gas
  • Abrupt onset of diarrhea
  • Malaise / weakness or discomfort
  • Loss of appetite
  • Belching
  • Explosive and painful gas

What is at Risk Factors of Traveler Diarrhea?

Travelers’ diarrhea can occur anywhere, at home or abroad. You’re also at increased risk if you Take some kinds of ulcer medicine and have had some kinds of gastrointestinal surgery.

You are in danger for this condition on the off chance that you travel to a nation that has poor open sanitation and cleanliness. Poor hygiene in local restaurants is also a risk factor.

High-risk areas

Places that have the highest risk are Mexico, Africa, Asia, Central and South America (Latin America), The Middle East

Moderate-risk areas

Places that have the Medium risk are Caribbean islands, Southern Europe, Israel, Eastern Europe, South Africa, Argentina, Chile and some Caribbean islands.

Low-risk areas

Places that have the low risk are United States, Canada, Northern Europe, New Zealand, Australia and some Caribbean islands.

Your odds of getting traveler’s diarrhea are for the most part controlled by your destination.

In Addition, Foods to avoid in Travelers’ diarrhea

Fried and greasy foods are usually not well-tolerated in people who have diarrhea. You should also consider limiting high-fiber foods like bran as well as fruits and vegetables that can increase bloating.

Foods to avoid includes: broccoli, peas, alcohol, green leafy vegetables, artificial sweeteners, beans, milk, berries, cabbage, cauliflower, chickpeas, coffee, corn, ice cream and peppers.

Prevention and Do and Don’ts of  Travelers Diarrhea

Drink canned fruit juices, weak tea, clear soup, decaffeinated soda or sports drinks to replace lost fluids and minerals.

  • Wash food utensils, equipment, or surfaces
  • Wash hands regularly
  • Wash all foods before consumption
  • Drink bottled water when traveling
  • When traveling, consume dry foods and carbonated beverages
  • Drink only bottled water or beverages that include boiled water
  • Only eat fruits you have peeled yourself
  • Only eat foods that are well cooked and arrive hot
  • Wash your hands (or use alcohol-based gel) and Wash fruits and vegetables
  • Wash the surfaces of food or drink tins, cans, and bottles


  • Don’t eat foods such as Raw fruits, vegetables, or salad greens, Unpasteurized milk, cheese, ice cream, or yogurt, Raw meat, Shellfish, Any fish caught in tropical reefs rather than the open ocean, Condiments that are left on the table, such as ketchup, mustard, sauces, or dips
  • Avoid water and ice from the street and from lakes and rivers
  • Avoid consumption of raw poultry or eggs
  • Avoid shellfish from waters that are contaminated
  • Avoid eating moist foods at room temperature, such as sauces and buffet items.
  • Avoid eating food from street vendors.
  • Don’t drink tap water or use ice cubes in high-risk areas (for example, Latin America, Africa, South Asia).
  • Don’t eat uncooked vegetables, including salads.
  • Don’t eat under-cooked or raw meats, fish, or shellfish.
  • Don’t drink unpasteurized milk or other unpasteurized dairy products.

Home Remedies for Travelrs Diarrhea 

Drink canned fruit juices, weak tea, clear soup, decaffeinated soda or sports drinks to replace lost fluids and minerals.


Combine ¼ cup fresh orange juice and 2 cups of room-temperature water in a pitcher. Stir in ¼ teaspoon of baking soda and 2 teaspoons of honey until dissolved. This drink replaces depleted water, salt, potassium, and sugar. The baking soda helps correct losses of alkaline fluid.

The least difficult, most relieving sustenance to consume right is those in the BRATT diet, frequently suggested by pediatricians: Bananas, Rice, Applesauce, Toast, and Tea. Consume foods that are fully cooked and served hot.

Other information

Traveler’s diarrhea is on a very basic level a sanitation disappointment, prompting bacterial defilement of nourishment and water.

Travelers’ diarrhea is characterized by most specialists as at least three unformed stools in a 24 hour time span, gone by an individual who is voyaging. To diminish your danger of traveler’s diarrhea, be cautious about what you eat and drink while voyaging.

Travelers are at higher hazard when going to destinations with poor principles of cleanliness and sanitation as well as eating at spots with poor nourishment dealing with practices. Lack of hydration brought about by diarrhea can cause genuine difficulties, including organ harm, stun or unconsciousness.