Arm Diseases

Paget Schroetter Syndrome Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment Do and Don’ts

Paget Schroetter Syndrome (PSS)

This syndrome goes by various names including:

  • venous thoracic outlet syndrome,
  • Paget-Schroetter syndrome,
  • “spontaneous” thrombosis of the upper extremity, or
  • upper limb deep vein thrombosis
  • Effort thrombosis
  • Effort induced Thrombosis (Effort subclavian vein thrombosis)

Group of people in Paget Schroetter Syndrome

Infant, baby boy, baby girl, Teen Boy, Teen Girl, Man, Women, Old Man, Old Women

Paget Schroetter Syndrome Disease information

Paget-Schroetter disorder (PSS) or “exertion” thrombosis of the axillary-subclavian vein is a phenomenal reason for profound vein thrombosis (DVT) seen in physically dynamic and generally sound people.

Effort thrombosis or Paget Schroetter Syndrome is more common in young and otherwise healthy men. It preferentially involves the dominant arm.

Paget-Schroetter syndrome,also alluded to as “exertion thrombosis,” alludes to essential thrombosis of the subclavian vein at the costoclavicular intersection.

Exertion thrombosis alludes to axillary-subclavian vein thrombosis (ASVT) related with strenuous and dreary action of the furthest points. It is a medical condition in which blood clots form in the deep veins of the arms.

The Paget-Schroetter syndrome is a rare condition often occurs in young, healthy patients, which involves thrombosis of subclavian veins associated with muscular efforts of the upper limb, which cause endothelial injuries.

This syndrome typically presents in young patients, and the role of hereditary and acquired thrombophilia remains unclear.

What Causes of Paget Schroetter Syndrome?

You may experience effort vein thrombosis if you have a large neck and upper-arm muscles or overexertion of those muscles.

Hyperabduction and retro version of the arm are believed to be the causes of Paget-Schroetter syndrome. Paget-Schroetter syndrome caused by wrestling

Paget-Schroetter syndrome causes include: 

  • Paget–Schroetter syndrome should be considered a possible cause Given below
  • Painful swelling of the upper limb,
  • Especially significant edema,
  • Blue staining, and
  • Dilatation of the shallow veins in the patient’s correct upper appendage in youthful, dynamic patients who utilize their arms too much.
  • Thoracic outlet obstruction
  • Repetitive movement of the arm and shoulder with over the head extension
  • Presence of an extra rib above the first rib that compresses the subclavian vein
  • Previous collarbone or rib fracture
  • An abnormal ligament that compresses the subclavian vein

Risk Factors of Paget-Schroetter Syndrome

  • Vigorous exercise of the neck and upper extremity muscles
  • Overdeveloped foremost scalene muscle
  • Physical movement including hyperabduction of the shoulder, as found in weightlifters
  • Nearness of cervical rib
  • Intrinsic band among first and second ribs
  • Break of the clavicle with callus arrangement
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Rudimentary first rib
  • Motions often associated with tennis players and baseball pitchers
  • Apical tumors of the superior sulcus of the lung (Pancoast tumor)

Sign and Symptoms of Paget-Schroetter Syndrome

Paget-Schroetter Syndrome Symptoms are non‐specific, range in severity may be position‐dependent and occasionally. Other more dramatic signs may include swelling of the shoulder and arm.

Symptom onset is usually acute or sub-acute but occasionally, patients may present with chronic symptoms.

  • Dull aching pain within the affected arm and shoulder …
  • Asymptomatic
  • Young patient presenting with blue, heavy, swollen, painful arm
  • Pain in the arm, neck and shoulder region
  • Discoloration, tenderness, and distension on the affected arm
  • Visible collaterals on the affected arm
  • Arm discoloration and palpable vessels
  • Cyanosis and dilated,
  • Visible veins across the shoulder and upper arm
  • Redness of the upper extremity
  • Dilated, visible veins around the shoulder
  • Pain, swelling or congestion in the affected arm
  • Affected arm turns blue

Do and Don’ts of Paget Schroetter Syndrome


  • Extend legs when voyaging long separations
  • Arm pressure with an arm sleeve and rise of the limit may help with symptomatic alleviation
  • Realize the hazard factors for blood clusters
  • Remain all around hydrated (during and after a strenuous game and travel)
  • Know the side effects of DVT and PE and look for early medicinal consideration on the off chance that they happen;
  • Know whether you have a family ancestry of blood clusters
  • Realize that DVT and PE can occur in the athlete

Home remedies or Home Treatments

The current standard of care for treating Paget-Schroetter syndrome involves catheter-directed thrombolysis followed by surgical decompression with resection of the ipsilateral first rib.

Paget-Schroetter Syndrome is progressively normal in more youthful, physically dynamic people. Clinicians must be familiar with the symptoms, physical examination, and initial imaging and treatment to expedite care and prevent possible life-threatening complications.

In the event of significant medical procedure, injury, delayed fixed status, or when in a cast: ask your primary care physician whether you ought to get DVT prophylaxis and, if truly, for to what extent. At that time there are no home treatment found.

Differential Diagnosis

Diagnosis is contingent on referral for diagnostic testing, as the signs and symptoms may be elusive. The likelihood of a Paget-Schroetter disorder ought to be considered in differential determination if furthest point protests of obscure root happen in the wake of wrestling matches.

However Awareness of this rare condition is essential for primary care physicians to avoid delay in diagnosis and treatment.

The differential diagnosis for Paget-Schroetter includes:

  • Axillosubclavian venous thrombosis
  • Upper arm contusion
  • Allergic reaction
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome
  • Unilateral brachial plexopathy
  • Subclavian artery aneurysm
  • Pott’s syndrome
  • Bony/soft tissue tumor
  • Lymphedema of the upper extremity
  • Cellulites
  • localized hematoma in biceps muscle
  • muscle contusion and strain
  • superficial phlebitis

Prevention of Paget-Schroetter syndrome

Prevention for risk factors and diagnostic methods related to Paget-Schroetter syndrome in patients presenting to urgent care with relevant risk factors is essential to initiating therapy on site and timely referral to a hospital and/or vascular surgeon. For more refer do in Paget-Schroetter syndrome.

Other information

Paget-Schroetter is an uncommon finding in the all inclusive community. The conclusion of Paget-Schroetter disorder ought to be viewed as when assessing upper arm torment.

Most doctors new to exertion thrombosis oversee it likewise to exemplary lower furthest point DVT. This is especially true for overhead athletes, who are at greater risk for the development of this syndrome.  Awareness of this condition is important for primary care physicians.